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Mediators Inflamm. 2012;2012:174764. doi: 10.1155/2012/174764. Epub 2012 Nov 26.

IL-17 and IL-11 GCF levels in aggressive and chronic periodontitis patients: relation to PCR bacterial detection.

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  • 1Department of Medical Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt. olfatshaker@yahoo.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study evaluated IL-17 and IL-11 in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of generalized chronic periodontitis (GCP) and generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAgP) patients in relation to periodontopathic bacteria.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

GCF samples were collected from 65 subjects including 25 CP, 25 GAgP, and 15 controls (C) and analyzed for IL-17 and IL-11 by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Molecular detection of bacteria in the dental plaque was determined by polymerase chain reaction.

RESULTS:

The total amount of IL-17 was significantly higher in GAgP group than in GCP and C groups (P < 0.001). The IL-11 concentration was significantly higher in C and GCP groups than GAgP group (P < 0.001). The IL-11/IL-17 ratio was significantly higher in the C group than in GCP and GAgP groups (P < 0.05). Moreover, GAgP group showed lower ratios of IL-11/IL-17 when compared to GCP group. The high positivity of P. gingivalis in the dental plaque was associated with significantly increased GCF levels of IL-17 in GCP and GAgP patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

The increased IL-17 level in GCF of GAgP suggests a potential role in the aetiopathogenesis. Meanwhile, the decreased ratio of IL-11/IL-17 might reflect an imbalance between the proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in different periodontal diseases.

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