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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1990 Apr 6;1048(2-3):231-7.

Modification of the reactivity of three amino-acid residues in elongation factor 2 during its binding to ribosomes and translocation.

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  • 1Laboratoire de Biochimie Médicale, Université Claude Bernard, Villeurbanne, France.


The accessibility of three amino acids of EF-2, located within highly conserved regions near the N- and C-terminal extremities of the molecule (the E region and the ADPR region, respectively) to modifying enzymes has been compared within nucleotide-complexed EF-2 and ribosomal complexes that mimic the pre- and posttranslocational ones: the high-affinity complex (EF-2)-nonhydrolysable GTP analog GuoPP[CH2]P ribosome and the low-affinity (EF-2)-GDP-ribosome complex, EF-2 and ribosomes being from rat liver. We studied the reactivity of two highly conserved residues diphthamide-715 and Arg-66, to diphtheria-toxin-dependent ADP-ribosylation and trypsin attack, and of a threonine that probably lies between residues 51 and 60, to phosphorylation by a Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase. Diphthamide 715 and this threonine residue were unreactive within the high-affinity complex but seemed fully reactive in the low-affinity complex. Arg-66 was resistant to trypsin in both complexes. The possible involvement of the E and ADPR regions of EF-2 in the interaction with ribosome in the two complexes is discussed.

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