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Ann Hematol. 2013 Jan;92(2):145-9. doi: 10.1007/s00277-012-1641-9. Epub 2012 Dec 6.

Strategies of pain reduction during the bone marrow biopsy.

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  • 1Department of Hematology, Oncology and Internal Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland. hjortholmnikolaj@gmail.com


Examination of the bone marrow biopsy and aspirate allows diagnosis and assessment of various conditions such as primary hematologic and metastatic neoplasms, as well as nonmalignant disorders. Despite being performed for many years, according to many different protocols, the procedure still remains painful for the majority of patients. This paper summarizes the current knowledge of pain reduction measures in the bone marrow biopsy and aspiration.

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  • Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy-related pain management. [Ann Hematol. 2014]
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