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Simul Healthc. 2013 Apr;8(2):67-71. doi: 10.1097/SIH.0b013e31827744f2.

First-year residents outperform third-year residents after simulation-based education in critical care medicine.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. bsinger007@fsm.northwestern.edu



Previous research shows that gaps exist in internal medicine residents' critical care knowledge and skills. The purpose of this study was to compare the bedside critical care competency of first-year residents who received a simulation-based educational intervention plus clinical training with third-year residents who received clinical training alone.


During their first 3 months of residency, a group of first-year residents completed a simulation-based educational intervention. A group of traditionally trained third-year residents who did not receive simulation-based training served as a comparison group. Both groups were evaluated using a 20-item clinical skills assessment at the bedside of a patient receiving mechanical ventilation at the end of their medical intensive care unit rotation. Scores on the skills assessment were compared between groups.


Simulator-trained first-year residents (n = 40) scored significantly higher compared with traditionally trained third-year residents (n = 27) on the bedside assessment (91.3% [95% confidence interval, 88.2%-94.3%] vs. 80.9% [95% confidence interval, 76.8%-85.0%]; P < 0.001).


First-year residents who completed a simulation-based educational intervention demonstrated higher clinical competency compared with third-year residents who did not undergo simulation training. Critical care competency cannot be assumed after clinical intensive care unit rotations; simulation-based curricula can help ensure residents are proficient to care for critically ill patients.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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