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Biomaterials. 2013 Feb;34(6):1732-8. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2012.11.022. Epub 2012 Dec 4.

Cationised radiolabelled nanoparticles for perfusion imaging of the lungs.

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  • 1Browitt Nanoparticle Laboratory, Department of Applied Mathematics, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia.

Abstract

Diagnostic imaging of the blood perfusion of the lungs is currently performed using particles of macro-aggregated albumin, which are mechanically arrested at limiting diameters of the capillary bed. While the proportion of blood flow obstructed is typically very low and temporary, it would seem more desirable to image lung perfusion in patients using a non-obstructive method, and using materials that avoid biological hazards. We have characterised the in vitro and in vivo properties of a colloid of a cationised radiolabelled nanocomposite. The nanoparticles comprise a Technetium-99m core encapsulated in graphitic carbon, and coated with low molecular weight poly-lysine to provide a strong charge-based affinity for the endothelial glycocalyx of the lung. Following intravenous injection in rabbits and cats, the nanoparticles rapidly distribute and localise in the lungs, thus enabling gamma camera imaging of lung perfusion. Repeat administration of this colloid in both species over several weeks indicates favourable biocompatibility.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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