Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
OMICS. 2012 Dec;16(12):700-6. doi: 10.1089/omi.2011.0141.

In silico prediction of drug targets in phytopathogenic Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola: charting a course for agrigenomics translation research.

Author information

  • 1Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Banasthali University, Banasthali, India.


Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola is a major plant pathogen causing halo blight disease and has world-wide importance. The emerging post-genomics field of agrigenomics, together with the availability of whole genome sequences of a number of pathogens and host organisms, offer the promise for identification of potential drug targets using sequence comparison approaches. On the other hand, lack of gene expression data for most of the phytopathogenic microbes still remains a formidable barrier. The present study aimed at the prediction of drug targets in Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola by exploiting the knowledge of Codon Usage bias for gene expression subtractively, supported by gene expression analysis and sequence comparisons. Based on screening of the Database of Essential Genes using blastx, 158 of the total 5172 genes of P. syringae pv. phaseolicola were enlisted as vitally essential genes. Similarity search for these 158 essential genes against available host-plant sequences (Phaseolous vulgaris) led to the identification of homologues of 21 genes in the host genome, thus leaving behind a subset of 137 genes. Expression analysis of these 137 genes using RSCU(gene,) validated by microarray gene expression data suggested 22 genes had higher expression levels in the cell, and therefore their products have been identified as putative drug targets. The gene ontology analysis of these 22 genes revealed their indispensable roles in pivotal metabolic pathways of P. syringae pv. phaseolicola. Upon comparison of the sequences of these genes with other soil bacteria, we identified two genes that were unique to P. syringae pv. phaseolicola. The products of these genes can potentially be utilized for drug development so as to control the halo blight disease and thereby accelerate translation research in the nascent field of agrigenomics.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk