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Nano Lett. 2013 Jan 9;13(1):259-63. doi: 10.1021/nl304015q. Epub 2012 Dec 13.

Confinement, transport gap, and valley polarization in graphene from two parallel decorated line defects.

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  • 1Chemistry Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375, USA.


Quantum transport calculations show that a transport gap approximately E(g) = 2ħv(F)/W can be engineered in graphene using two parallel transport barriers, separated by W, extended along the zigzag direction. The barriers, modeled by chemically decorated observed line defects, create confinement and resonance bands tracing the bands in zigzag nanoribbons. The resonance bands terminate at the dimensional crossover, where the states become boundary-localized, leaving the transport gap. The structure also allows for nearly perfect valley polarization.

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