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Arch Pharm Res. 2012 Nov;35(11):2013-20. doi: 10.1007/s12272-012-1119-2. Epub 2012 Dec 4.

Effects of prophylactic hematopoietic colony stimulating factors on stem cell transplantations: meta-analysis.

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  • 1College of Pharmacy, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 156-756, Korea.

Abstract

Hematopoietic growth factors are often given for prevention of febrile neutropenia (FN), infections, and other complications by hastening neutrophil recovery in the treatment of malignancies after high dose chemotherapy (HDCT). Although several meta-analyses have already demonstrated beneficial effects of prophylactic granulocyte colony-stimulating factors (G-CSF) administration, the effects of G-CSF have not been confirmed in cancer patients receiving stem cell transplantation (SCT) after HDCT. Therefore, we performed a statistical combination of controlled clinical trials to investigate the efficacy of prophylactic use of G-CSF in preventing the neutropenic complications associated with SCT following HDCT in cancer patients. We searched PubMed to identify potentially relevant references and finally selected seven randomized controlled trials that met all of the eligibility criteria. Our meta-analysis demonstrated that prophylactic G-CSF reduced the risk of documented infections and time to hematologic recovery manifested by days to absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 0.5 × 10(9)/L, days to ANC ≥ 1.0 × 10(9)/L, and days to platelets ≥ 20 × 10(9)/L in SCT patients with cancer following HDCT. The G-CSF treated group also showed a decrease in the length of hospital stay. However, there was no difference between G-CSF treatment group and placebo group in regard to all-cause mortality, infection-related mortality, grade 2∼4 acute graft-versus-host-disease, and episode of fever.

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