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Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 2012;34(5-6):328-31. doi: 10.1159/000345792. Epub 2012 Dec 3.

Application of the VSRAD, a specific and sensitive voxel-based morphometry, to comparison of entorhinal cortex atrophy between dementia with Lewy bodies and Alzheimer's disease.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Yamagata University School of Medicine, Yamagata, Japan. hhayashi@med.id.yamagata-u.ac.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Previous studies using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed that dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) had less atrophy in some medial temporal structures than Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, very few studies have focused on the entorhinal cortex, which is closely related to episodic memory. We compared the degree of entorhinal cortex atrophy between the two types of dementia using the voxel-based specific regional analysis system for AD (VSRAD) targeting this region.

METHODS:

The subjects consisted of 60 patients with DLB and 210 patients with AD. The degree of entorhinal cortex atrophy was quantified by application of the VSRAD to MRI data, and a Z score >2 was defined as significant atrophy.

RESULTS:

The DLB group had significantly lower Z scores than the AD group (mean ± SD: 2.25 ± 1.10 vs. 2.85 ± 1.33, p < 0.01). The analysis of covariance with possible confounding factors as covariates also showed that Z scores were significantly lower in the DLB group than in the AD group (p < 0.01). The proportion of patients with atrophy was significantly lower in the DLB group than in the AD group (53 vs. 72%, p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

The present study using the VSRAD suggests that DLB shows less atrophy in the entorhinal cortex than AD.

Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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