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Urology. 2012 Dec;80(6):1198-202. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2012.08.042.

Standardized flexible ureteroscopic technique to improve stone-free rates.

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  • 1Department of Urology, University Medical Center, Freiburg, Germany.



To present a unique completely standardized sequence of steps performed before, during, and after flexible ureteroscopy (FURS) that achieves superior results for FURS treatment of renal calculi.


The "Freiburg FURS technique" includes the following steps: (a) preoperative ureteral stenting; (b) placement of 2 hydrophilic wires; (c) semirigid ureteroscopy before FURS; (d) the use of a large access sheath (14F-16F) if multiple ureteral passages are expected; (e) the use of a 2-working channel flexible endoscope; (f) a modified active flushing system; and (g) an advanced holmium laser technique with complete stone extraction. We performed a prospective analysis of 153 consecutive FURS procedures for nephrolithiasis from August 2009 to July 2011.


Data analysis revealed an "immediate" stone-free rate of 96.7% (as confirmed by endoscopy, fluoroscopy, and ultrasonography), a medium of 2.3 stones, and a cumulative stone size of 10.5 mm (range 3-43). The operative time was 67 minutes (range 20-160). The use of an access sheath was required in 71% of the patients and the postoperative use of a double-J stent in 57% of patients. Complications (Clavien grade II and III) developed in 9.1% of patients (including 7 with minimal perforation that required ureteral stenting for 1 month, 3 with secondary flank pain/hydronephrosis requiring double-J stenting and hospitalization, and 4 with fever or urinary tract infections requiring antibiotic therapy. Follow-up examinations after 3 months showed no late complications.


The modified FURS technique provided clinically superior results with a low complication rate. However, the approach requires the use of considerable resources, both technical and surgical and financial.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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