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Xenobiotica. 2013 May;43(5):454-60. doi: 10.3109/00498254.2012.725141. Epub 2012 Dec 4.

Identification of ginkgolic acid (15:1) metabolites in rats following oral administration by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry.

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  • 1Lab of Pharmaceutical Analysis and Drug Metabolism, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, 866 Yuhangtang Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

1. In this article, metabolites of ginkgolic acid (GA) (15:1) in rats plasma, bile, urine and faeces after oral administration have been investigated for the first time by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) with the aid of on-line hydrogen/deuterium (H/D) exchange technique and β-glucuronidase hydrolysis experiments. 2. After oral administration of GA (15:1, M0) to rats at a dose of 10 mg/kg, it was found that metabolites M1-M5 together with parent compound (M0) existed in rat plasma; parent compound (M0) and metabolites M2-M5 were observed in rat bile, and parent compound (M0) with metabolites M1 and M2 were discovered in rat faeces, and there was no parent compound and metabolite detectable in rat urine. 3. Two oxidative metabolites of GA (15:1, M0) were identified as 2-hydroxy-6-(pentadec-8-enyl-10-hydroxy) benzoic acid (M1) and 2-hydroxy-6-(pentadec-8-enyl-11-hydroxy-13-carbonyl) benzoic acid (M2), respectively. Metabolites M3, M4 and M5 were identified as the mono-glucuronic acid conjugates of parent compound (M0), M1 and M2, respectively. 4. The results indicated that M1 and M2 with parent compound (M0) were mainly eliminated in faeces and three glucuronide metabolites (M3, M4 and M5) excreted in bile as the predominant forms after oral administration of GA (15:1) to rats.

PMID:
23205533
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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