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Nucleic Acids Res. 2013 Jan;41(Database issue):D83-9. doi: 10.1093/nar/gks1263. Epub 2012 Nov 30.

SINEBase: a database and tool for SINE analysis.

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  • 1Laboratory of Eukaryotic Genome Evolution, Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Moscow 119991, Russia.


SINEBase ( integrates the revisited body of knowledge about short interspersed elements (SINEs). A set of formal definitions concerning SINEs was introduced. All available sequence data were screened through these definitions and the genetic elements misidentified as SINEs were discarded. As a result, 175 SINE families have been recognized in animals, flowering plants and green algae. These families were classified by the modular structure of their nucleotide sequences and the frequencies of different patterns were evaluated. These data formed the basis for the database of SINEs. The SINEBase website can be used in two ways: first, to explore the database of SINE families, and second, to analyse candidate SINE sequences using specifically developed tools. This article presents an overview of the database and the process of SINE identification and analysis.

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