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Biosens Bioelectron. 2013 Apr 15;42:207-13. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2012.10.034. Epub 2012 Oct 17.

Direct electrochemistry of hemoglobin on graphene and titanium dioxide nanorods composite modified electrode and its electrocatalysis.

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  • 1College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hainan Normal University, 53 Zhenzhou Road, Haikou 571158, PR China.


A biocompatible sensing platform based on graphene (GR) and titanium dioxide (TiO₂) nanorods for the immobilization of hemoglobin (Hb) was adopted in this paper. The GR-TiO₂-Hb composite-modified carbon ionic liquid electrode was constructed through a simple casting method with Nafion as the film forming material. UV-Vis and FT-IR spectra confirmed that Hb retained its native structure in the composite film. Direct electron transfer of Hb incorporated into the composite was realized with a pair of quasi-reversible redox waves appeared, indicating that the presence of GR-TiO₂ nanocomposite on the electrode surface could facilitate the electron transfer rate between the electroactive center of Hb and the substrate electrode. Hb modified electrode showed excellent electrocatalytic activity to the reduction of trichloroacetic acid in the concentration range from 0.6 to 21.0 mmol L⁻¹. These results indicated that GR-TiO₂ nanocomposite could be a friendly biocompatible interface for immobilizing biomolecules and keeping their native structure. The fabricated biosensor displayed the advantages such as high sensitivity, good reproducibility and long-term stability.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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