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Sensors (Basel). 2012 Oct 16;12(10):13842-51. doi: 10.3390/s121013842.

Synthesis of ZnO nanostructures for low temperature CO and UV sensing.

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  • 1Thin Films Technology Laboratory, Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan.


In this paper, synthesis and results of the low temperature sensing of carbon monoxide (CO) gas and room temperature UV sensors using one dimensional (1-D) ZnO nanostructures are presented. Comb-like structures, belts and rods, and needle-shaped nanobelts were synthesized by varying synthesis temperature using a vapor transport method. Needle-like ZnO nanobelts are unique as, according to our knowledge, there is no evidence of such morphology in previous literature. The structural, morphological and optical characterization was carried out using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and diffused reflectance spectroscopy techniques. It was observed that the sensing response of comb-like structures for UV light was greater as compared to the other grown structures. Comb-like structure based gas sensors successfully detect CO at 75 °C while other structures did not show any response.

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