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Int J Cardiol. 2013 Sep 30;168(2):1195-200. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2012.11.066. Epub 2012 Nov 30.

Prognosis of patients with mild-moderate coronary artery stenosis detected by coronary computed tomography angiography.

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  • 1Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Cardiology, Ankara, Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In addition to the diagnostic performance, coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) can give important data regarding the prognosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). In this study we aimed to evaluate the prognostic role of coronary CTA in patients with suspected CAD and mild-moderate coronary stenosis.

METHODS:

A total of 1115 patients (602 male, 54%; age 58.4 ± 11.4) without previous CAD were enrolled. Patients underwent coronary CTA imaging using dual-source 64-slice CT scanner. For categorization of the coronary atherosclerotic plaques (CAP), the coronary system was divided into 16 separate segments. For each segment, CAPs were categorized as: calcified, noncalcified and mixed.

RESULTS:

During follow-up of 29.7 ± 13.2 months, cardiovascular events defined as ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (4 patients), non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (5 patients) and unstable angina pectoris (20 patients) requiring revascularization or hospital admission were recorded. Cox hazard regression analysis revealed an association between the severity of luminal stenosis (HR: 4.73, 95% CI: 1.36-16.47, p<0.05) and extent (HR: 1.10, 95% CI: 1.00-1.22, p=0.051) and the adverse coronary events in the follow-up. Multivariate Cox hazard regression analysis revealed that nonobstructive (≤ 50%) lesions were the only factor causing increased probability of coronary events in the follow-up (HR: 4.77, 95% CI: 1.36-16.74, p<0.05).

CONCLUSION:

The presence and severity of luminal stenosis shown by coronary CTA were associated with prognosis of coronary events in the follow-up. These results may improve the risk stratification in patients evaluated by coronary CTA and provide strategies for the individualized prevention programs.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Coronary artery disease; Coronary atherosclerotic plaque; Coronary computed tomography angiography; Prognosis

PMID:
23201082
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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