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Am Heart J. 2012 Dec;164(6):902-9.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2012.09.018. Epub 2012 Oct 29.

Vitamin D reduces left atrial volume in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy and chronic kidney disease.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Left atrial enlargement, a sensitive integrator of left ventricular diastolic function, is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Vitamin D is linked to lower cardiovascular morbidity, possibly modifying cardiac structure and function; however, firm evidence is lacking. We assessed the effect of an activated vitamin D analog on left atrial volume index (LAVi) in a post hoc analysis of the PRIMO trial (clinicaltrials.gov: NCT00497146).

METHODS AND RESULTS:

One hundred ninety-six patients with chronic kidney disease (estimated glomerular filtration rate 15-60 mL/min per 1.73 m(2)), mild to moderate left ventricular hypertrophy, and preserved ejection fraction were randomly assigned to 2 μg of oral paricalcitol or matching placebo for 48 weeks. Two-dimensional echocardiography was obtained at baseline and at 24 and 48 weeks after initiation of therapy. Over the study period, there was a significant decrease in LAVi (-2.79 mL/m(2), 95% CI -4.00 to -1.59 mL/m(2)) in the paricalcitol group compared with the placebo group (-0.70 mL/m(2) [95% CI -1.93 to 0.53 mL/m(2)], P = .002). Paricalcitol also attenuated the rise in levels of brain natriuretic peptide (10.8% in paricalcitol vs 21.3% in placebo, P = .02). For the entire population, the change in brain natriuretic peptide correlated with change in LAVi (r = 0.17, P = .03).

CONCLUSIONS:

Forty-eight weeks of therapy with an active vitamin D analog reduces LAVi and attenuates the rise of BNP. In a population where only few therapies alter cardiovascular related morbidity and mortality, these post hoc results warrant further confirmation.

Copyright © 2012 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
23194491
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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