Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2012 Dec;73(6 Suppl 5):S453-8. doi: 10.1097/TA.0b013e3182754868.

Ten years of war: a characterization of craniomaxillofacial injuries incurred during operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom.

Author information

  • 1Dental and Trauma Research Detachment, US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA. rodney.k.chan@us.army.mil

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Improved armor and battlefield medicine have led to better survival in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan than any previous ones. Increased frequency and severity of craniomaxillofacial injuries have been proposed. A comprehensive characterization of the injury pattern sustained during this 10-year period to the craniomaxillofacial region is needed to improve our understanding of these unique injuries, to optimize the treatment for these patients, and to potentially direct strategic development of protective equipment in the future.

METHODS:

The Joint Theater Trauma Registry was queried from October 19, 2001, to March 27, 2011, covering operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom for battle injuries to the craniomaxillofacial region, including patient demographics and mechanism of injury. Injuries were classified according to type (wounds, fractures, burns, vascular injuries, and nerve injuries) using DRG International Classification of Diseases-9th Rev. diagnosis codes.

RESULTS:

In this 10-year period, craniomaxillofacial battle injuries to the head and neck were found in 42.2% of patients evacuated out of theater. There is a high preponderance of multiple wounds and open fractures in this region. The primary mechanism of injury involved explosive devices, followed by ballistic trauma.

CONCLUSION:

Modern combat, characterized by blast injuries, results in higher than previously reported incidence of injury to the craniomaxillofacial region.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Epidemiologic study, level IV.

PMID:
23192069
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk