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Acta Paediatr. 2013 Feb;102(2):167-71. doi: 10.1111/apa.12082. Epub 2012 Nov 30.

No association between overweight and asthma or allergy in adolescence after wheezing in infancy.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland. marja.ruotsalainen@kuh.fi

Abstract

AIMS:

The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between weight status and asthma, allergy and respiratory symptoms in adolescents with bronchiolitis in infancy.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

At age 15-18 years, a questionnaire was sent to 96 study subjects hospitalized for wheezing at age <24 months and followed up subsequently. Sixty-seven (70%) of them answered. Weight and height data for body mass index (BMI) calculation were available in 60 (63%) cases. Asthma, allergy, respiratory symptoms and the use of asthma medication were compared between overweight or obese and normal weight groups constructed by age- and sex-specific BMI standard deviation scores (BMI-SDS). Population controls matched for sex, and birth month and place, were recruited for this study phase at age 15-18 years.

RESULTS:

Eleven (18.3%) study subjects were overweight (BMI-SDS >0.78 in males and >1.16 in females) and only 3 (5.0%) were obese (BMI-SDS >1.70 in males and >2.10 in females) at 16.5 (median) years of age. Overweight or obesity had no significant association with doctor-diagnosed or self-reported asthma, allergy or the use of inhaled corticosteroids. The negative results were confirmed by adjusted analyses.

CONCLUSION:

Weight status had no association with asthma or allergy in adolescence after wheezing in infancy.

©2012 The Author(s)/Acta Paediatrica ©2012 Foundation Acta Paediatrica.

PMID:
23190250
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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