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Dement Geriatr Cogn Dis Extra. 2012 Jan;2(1):481-95. doi: 10.1159/000343480. Epub 2012 Nov 9.

White matter hyperintensities in mild lewy body dementia.

Author information

  • 1Centre for Age-Related Medicine, Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, Norway ; Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The objective of this study was to explore the load of white matter hyperintensities (WMH) in patients with Lewy body dementia (LBD) and compare to Alzheimer's disease (AD) and normal controls (NC).

METHODS:

Diagnosis of LBD and AD was made according to consensus criteria and cognitive tests were administered. MRI scans for 77 (61 AD and 16 LBD) patients and 37 healthy elderly control subjects were available for analysis. We segmented WMH from FLAIR images using an automatic thresholding technique and calculated the volume of WMH in several regions of the brain, using non-parametric tests to compare groups. Multivariate regression was applied.

RESULTS:

There were no significant differences in WMH between AD and LBD. We found a significant correlation between total and frontal WMH and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and verbal fluency scores in the AD group, but not in the LBD group.

CONCLUSION:

The WMH load in LBD was similar to that of AD. A correlation between WMH load and cognition was found in the AD group, but not in the LBD group, suggesting that vascular disease contributes to cognitive impairment in AD but not LBD.

KEYWORDS:

Alzheimer's dementia; Cerebrovascular diseases; Cognition; Lewy body dementia; Magnetic resonance imaging; Parkinson's disease; White matter hyperintensities

PMID:
23189084
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3507264
Free PMC Article
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