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Z Lymphol. 1979 Jun;3(1):35-45.

[Eye and lymph drainage].

[Article in German]

Abstract

Up to now lymphatics in the eye could not be pointed out. An ocular lymph drainage is denied. Földi succeeded in producing experimentally the syndrome of "lymphostatic encephalopathy and ophthalmopathy" by operative blockade of the cervical lymphatics in animals. In the first part of the present paper a historical view considering the subject "Eye and lymphatic system" is given. In the second part it is entered into the particulars of own experimental studies. As to our own investigations, rabbits have been injected 99mTc-sulfur-colloid, 99mTc-microcolloid, 99mTc-Albumin and 198Au-colloid into the retrobulbar space, anterior chamber, vitreous body and subconjuctival space of one eye. Measurements of the activity's distribution have been made in vivo with an Anger type camera (pho-Gamma-IV Hp, Searle Nuclear Chicago) and in vitro after section with a sodium iodine crystal well counter (Clinimat-200, Picker). In some animals the investigation has been combined with a bilateral dissection of the cervical lymph nodes. After injection in the retrobulbar space a significant concentration of the activity could be observed for the most part in the equilateral Lymphonodulus cervicalis profundus. By the cervical lymph blockade the removal of lymphoctopic substances from the retrobulbar space was largely inhibited. After injection in the anterior chamber a significant concentration could be observed for the most part in the equilateral Lymphonodulus cervicalis superficialis. After intravitreal injection a drainage to the bilateral deep cervical lymph nodes could be observed. After injection into the subconjunctival space a significant accumulation of activity could be registered in the equilateral Lymphonoduli mandibulares and cervicales superficiales. The data substantiate a segmental lymph drainage from the eye: vitreous body and retrobulbar space for the most part into the Lymphonoduli cervicales profundi, anterior chamber and subconjunctival space for the most part into the Lymphonoduli cervicales superficiales been studied. In albino-rabbits indiaink has been injected into the vitreous body and afterwards its drainage has been controlled histologically (frozen sections). In some animals the investigation has been combined with a bilateral dissection of the cervical lymph nodes. The lymph node dissection causes a massive deceleration of the India-ink's outflow; the perivascular connective tissue shows a clear edematous relaxation. The histological evidence suggests that 1. the vitreous body 2. the interstice between the glia cells of the papilla 3. the pial tissue between the neurone bundles of the optic nerve 4. the perivascular space around the central vessels of the retina 5. the subarachnoid sheath of the optic nerve may be interpreted as prelymphatic pathway.

PMID:
231868
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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