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Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2013 Feb;8(2):254-64. doi: 10.2215/CJN.05780612. Epub 2012 Nov 26.

Dialysis modality and correction of uremic metabolic acidosis: relationship with all-cause and cause-specific mortality.

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  • 1Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-University of California at Los Angeles, Torrance, California, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

Uremic metabolic acidosis is only partially corrected in many hemodialysis patients, and low serum bicarbonate predicts higher death risk. This study determined the comparative efficacy of peritoneal dialysis in correcting uremic metabolic acidosis and the association of serum bicarbonate and death risk with the two therapies.

DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS:

Data were obtained from 121,351 prevalent ESRD patients (peritoneal dialysis, 10,400; hemodialysis, 110,951) treated in DaVita facilities between July 1, 2001 and June 30, 2006, with follow-up through June of 2007.

RESULTS:

Serum bicarbonate was <22 mEq/L in 25% and 40% of peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis patients, respectively. Thus, peritoneal dialysis patients were substantially less likely to have lower serum bicarbonate (adjusted odds ratio<20 mEq/L, 0.45 [0.42, 0.49]; <22 mEq/L, 0.41 [0.39, 0.43]). Time-averaged serum bicarbonate<19 mEq/L was associated with an 18% and 25% higher risk for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, respectively, in prevalent peritoneal dialysis patients (reference group: serum bicarbonate between 24 and <25 mEq/L). In analyses using the entire cohort of peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis patients, the adjusted risk for all-cause mortality was higher in most subgroups with serum bicarbonate<22 mEq/L, irrespective of dialysis modality.

CONCLUSIONS:

The measured bicarbonate is significantly higher in peritoneal dialysis patients, suggesting that the therapy provides a more complete correction of metabolic acidosis than intermittent hemodialysis. Survival data suggest maintaining serum bicarbonate>22 mEq/L for all ESRD patients, irrespective of dialysis modality.

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PMID:
23184567
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3562859
Free PMC Article
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