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Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2013 Apr;29(4):787-95. doi: 10.1007/s10554-012-0159-5. Epub 2012 Nov 22.

Reverse left ventricular remodeling after acute myocardial infarction: the prognostic impact of left ventricular global torsion.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular and Immunological Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Via S. Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy.


Reverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling (>10 % reduction in LV end-systolic volume) may occur in patients recovering for acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), undergoing percutaneous revascularization of infarct-related coronary artery (PCI). To detect whether LV global torsion obtained by two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography was predictive of reverse LV remodeling, 75 patients with first anterior wall STEMI were studied before (T1) and after PCI (T2) and at 6-month follow-up. Two-year clinical follow-up was also accomplished. LV volumes and both LV sphericity index and conic index were obtained by three-dimensional echocardiography. Reverse remodeling was observed in 25 patients (33 %). By multivariate analysis, independent predictors of reverse LV remodeling were: LV conic index, T2 LV torsion and Δ torsion (difference between T2 and T1 LV torsion expressed as percentage of this latter). According to receiver operating characteristic analysis, 1.34°/cm for T2 LV torsion (sensitivity 88 % and specificity 80 %) and 54 % for Δ torsion (sensitivity 92 % and specificity 82 %) were the optimal cutoff values in predicting reverse LV remodeling. In up to 24 month follow-up, 4 non-fatal re-infarction, 7 hospitalization for heart failure and 4 cardiac deaths occurred. By multivariate Cox analysis, the best variable significantly associated with event-free survival rate was reverse LV remodeling with a hazard ratio = 9.9 (95 % confidence interval, 7.9-31.4, p < 0.01). In conclusion, reverse LV remodeling occurring after anterior wall STEMI is associated with favorable long-term outcome. The improvement of global LV torsion following coronary artery revascularization is the major predictor of reverse LV remodeling.

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