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J Hepatol. 2013 Apr;58(4):646-54. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2012.11.012. Epub 2012 Nov 22.

Characterization of virologic escape in hepatitis C virus genotype 1b patients treated with the direct-acting antivirals daclatasvir and asunaprevir.

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  • 1Sapporo Kosei General Hospital, Sapporo, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Daclatasvir and asunaprevir are NS5A and NS3 protease-targeted antivirals currently under development for treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus infection. Clinical data on baseline and on-treatment correlates of drug resistance and response to these agents are currently limited.

METHODS:

Hepatitis C virus genotype 1b Japanese patients (prior null responders to PegIFN-α/RBV [n=21] or PegIFN-α/RBV ineligible or intolerant [n=22]) were administered daclatasvir/asunaprevir for 24 weeks during a phase 2a open-label study. Genotypic and phenotypic analyses of NS3 and NS5A substitutions were performed at baseline, after virologic failure, and post-treatment through follow-up week 36.

RESULTS:

There were three viral breakthroughs and four relapsers. Baseline NS3 polymorphisms (T54S, Q80L, V170M) at amino acid positions previously associated with low-level resistance (<9-fold) to select NS3 protease inhibitors were detected in four null responders and three ineligibles, but were not associated with virologic failure. Baseline NS5A polymorphisms (L28M, L31M, Y93H) associated with daclatasvir resistance (<25-fold) were detected in five null responders and six ineligibles. All three viral breakthroughs and 2/4 relapsers carried a baseline NS5A-Y93H polymorphism. NS3 and NS5A resistance-associated variants were detected together (NS3-D168A/V, NS5A-L31M/V-Y93H) after virologic failure. Generally, daclatasvir-resistant substitutions persisted through 48weeks post-treatment, whereas asunaprevir-resistant substitutions were no longer detectable. Overall, 5/10 patients with baseline NS5A-Y93H experienced virologic failure, while 5/10 achieved a sustained virologic response.

CONCLUSIONS:

The potential association of a pre-existing NS5A-Y93H polymorphism with virologic failure on daclatasvir/asunaprevir combination treatment will be examined in larger studies. The persistence of treatment-emergent daclatasvir- and asunaprevir-resistant substitutions will require assessment in longer-term follow-up studies.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01051414.

Copyright © 2012 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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