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Ren Fail. 2013;35(2):235-42. doi: 10.3109/0886022X.2012.745119. Epub 2012 Nov 26.

Pharmacologic treatment in dialysis patients hospitalized for cardiovascular reasons: do we follow the guidelines?

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  • 1Department of Cardiology, Medical University in Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.



The aim was to assess if the pharmacological treatment due to cardiovascular causes in dialysis patients is compliant with the European Guidelines.


In total, 110 consecutive end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on regular dialysis were enrolled into the study. We divided the population into subgroups with coronary artery disease (CAD), chronic heart failure (CHF) and diabetes mellitus (DM).


We gathered information about drugs from 99 patients. The mean age was 61.8 ± 12.9 years (70% of males). There were 37 patients with CAD. Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) was taken by 89% of the patients with CAD, clopidogrel by 25%, beta-blockers by 70%, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) by 50%, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) by 8%, and statins by 41%. Dual antiplatelet therapy was used after stent implantation (35%). There were 24 patients with CHF. Beta-blockers were taken by 71% of the patients, ACEIs by 45%, statins by 54%, and diuretics by 21% with CHF. There were 36 patients with DM. ASA was taken by 89% of the patients, clopidogrel and ticlopidine by 34%, beta-blockers were taken by 67%, ACE-inhibitors by 55%, and statins by 38% of the population with DM. The patients with DM were taking more ACEIs than those without DM (p = 0.033). DM was associated with a statistically 21% higher odds of ACEI/ARB use, but CHF was associated with no increase in the odds of beta-blocker use and no increase in ACEI/ARB use.


Dialysis patients with cardiovascular diseases are given less cardioprotective drugs such as ASA, beta-blockers, ACEIs, ARBs, and statins than they should be given according to the guidelines.

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