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J Urol. 2013 Jan;189(1):182-8. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2012.08.096. Epub 2012 Nov 20.

Critical review of existing patient reported outcome measures after male anterior urethroplasty.

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  • 1Department of Urology, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA.



Male urethral stricture disease can be recurrent and debilitating. The aim of any intervention is to allow men to return to a normal state of voiding while maintaining a strong quality of life. A systematic review of the literature was conducted to assess for the use of patient reported outcome instruments after male anterior urethroplasty.


A review of PubMed® was conducted to identify studies that used a patient reported outcome measure to assess patient outcome after open surgical correction of male strictures. Preference was given to studies that used an instrument in the preoperative and postoperative setting. However, use of an outcome measure solely in the postoperative setting was also accepted. After article selection, the 8 attributes recommended by the Scientific Advisory Committee were used to analyze the measurement properties of each patient reported outcome measure.


A total of 15 studies were identified that included an instrument to assess patients with anterior urethral strictures. The studies used differing instruments to assess anterior urethral strictures in a nonuniform manner. Four studies used a lower urinary tract symptoms instrument, 8 used a sexual/ejaculatory dysfunction instrument, and 3 used a lower urinary tract symptoms and sexual/ejaculatory function instrument. There was only 1 report that described the development of a urethroplasty specific patient reported outcome instrument.


Continued effort is necessary to develop a powerful instrument to assess patient reported outcomes after male urethroplasty. The importance of patient perspective is vital to understanding the success of open urethral reconstruction.

Copyright © 2013 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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