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Oncol Rep. 2013 Feb;29(2):464-8. doi: 10.3892/or.2012.2141. Epub 2012 Nov 15.

A new in vivo model to analyze hepatic metastasis of the human colon cancer cell line HCT116 in NOD/Shi-scid/IL-2Rγ(null) (NOG) mice by (18)F-FDG PET/CT.

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  • 1Pathology Research Department, Central Institute for Experimental Animals, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 210-0821, Japan.


Clinically, (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)F-FDG-PET/CT) is useful in the evaluation of various types of human cancers. While PET analysis has been established to evaluate subcutaneous lesions of human cancers in mice, its applications for internal lesions are still being developed. We are currently evaluating new PET approaches for the effective evaluation of in vivo metastatic lesions in the internal organs of small experimental animals. In this study, we analyzed in vivo hepatic metastases of human colonic cancer in immunodeficient mice (NOD/Shi-scid/IL-2Rγ(null), NOG) using PET imaging. This new PET approach has been proposed for the evaluation of in vivo metastatic lesions in internal organs. The human colon cancer line HCT116 (1.0x10(5) and 1.0x10(6) cells/mouse) was transplanted by intrasplenic injection. (18)F-FDG-PET/CT scans were performed 2 weeks after transplantation. After PET/CT scans, histopathological examinations were performed. PET/CT analysis disclosed multiple metastatic foci and increased standardized uptake values (SUV) of FDG in the livers of NOG mice (control, SUVmean 0.450±0.033, SUVmax 0.635±0.017; 1.0x10(5) cells, 0.853±0.087, 1.254±0.237; 1.0x10(6) cells, 1.211±0.108, 1.701±0.158). There were significant differences in FDG uptakes between the three groups (ANOVA, P=0.017 in SUVmean; P=0.044 in SUVmax, n=2). We clearly and quantitatively detected images of hepatic metastasis in the livers of NOG mice by (18)F-FDG-PET/CT in vivo. PET/CT analysis of internal organ lesions of human cancerous xenografts is a new reliable experimental system to simulate metastases. This model system is useful for analyzing metastatic mechanisms and for developing new novel drugs targeting hepatic metastases of cancer.

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