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Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol. 2012 Sep;30(3):197-203.

Potent inflammatory cytokine response following lung volume recruitment maneuvers with HFOV in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome.

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  • 1Division of Pediatric Pulmonary & Critical Care, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.



Lung volume recruitment maneuver (LVRM) may improve gas exchange but inflating the lungs to nearly vital capacity may cause further lung injuries. Our aim was to determine the potent inflammatory cytokine response following lung volume recruitment (LVRM) with high frequency oscillator ventilation (HFOV) in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).


We prospectively recruited pediatric patients (age >1 month - <15 year old) with a diagnosis of ARDS within 72 hrs of PICU admission. They underwent the LVRM protocol combined with HFOV. Any enrolled subject who had a 20% improvement in PaO2/FiO2 (PF ratio) 1 hr after the LVRM we classified as a responder. Baseline clinical data were recorded. Blood was also drawn at baseline, 1 & 24 hrs after LVRM and kept for further sICAM-1, IL-6 & IL-8 analysis.


Eighteen children with ARDS were enrolled. Their mean age was at 6.8 +/- 6.1 years (mean +/- SD). The initial oxygen index (iOI) was at 26.8 +/- 17.8 (11.5-84.9). There was no significant differences in sICAM-1, IL-6 and IL-8 levels at baseline; (34 +/- 17.5, 121.7 +/- 115.15, 601.5 +/- 675 pg/ml); 1 hr (39.6 +/- 28.7, 99.8 +/- 75.5, 617.4 +/- 692.5 pg/ml) and at 24 hrs (44.23 +/- 34.4, 109.4 +/- 63.9, 737.6 +/- 922.3 pg/ml) following LVRMs, respectively. However, there was significant difference in the elevation of sICAM-1 levels (%change) from baseline in responders (-1.8 +/- 12.2%) vs. non-responders (47.65 +/- 43.5%) at 1 hr. Additionally, sICAM-1 levels were also significantly higher at baseline, 1 hr and 24 hrs in non-survivors as compared with survivors.


There was no significant elevation of potent inflammatory cytokines that may indicate further lung injuries in the majority of our patients. However, there was significant elevation of sICAM-1 levels in non-responders and in those who did not survive that may indicate more lung injuries in these individuals.

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