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Psychiatry Res. 2013 May 15;207(1-2):33-9. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2012.10.010. Epub 2012 Nov 13.

Social dysfunction in first-episode psychosis and relations to neurocognition, duration of untreated psychosis and clinical symptoms.

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  • 1Innlandet Hospital Trust, Division of Mental Health, Ottestad, Norway. unni.bratlien@sykehuset-innlandet.no

Abstract

Signs of social dysfunction are present early in the course of psychotic disorders. There is a lack of knowledge about how premorbid function, illness history, psychotic symptoms and neurocognitive characteristics are related to social function in patients with first episode psychosis (FEP). The relationship between these factors could provide important information about the psychopathology underlying social dysfunction and have implications for future prevention and treatment efforts. Our objective is to identify early predictors of social functioning in patients with FEP. We examined 166 patients and 166 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (HC). We used a validated and comprehensive measure of social functioning (the Social Functioning Scale), a comprehensive neurocognitive test battery, in addition to measures of psychotic symptoms, duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) and premorbid adjustment (the Premorbid Adjustment Scale). Lower childhood level of social adjustment and lower psychomotor speed had the strongest influence across measures of social functioning while symptoms and DUP had a weaker influence. The main result of the current study is that premorbid social adjustment and psychomotor speed had the strongest association with measures of social functioning in patients with FEP.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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