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J Cardiothorac Surg. 2012 Nov 15;7:124. doi: 10.1186/1749-8090-7-124.

Effects of neuromuscular electrostimulation in patients with heart failure admitted to ward.

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  • 1Hospital Ana Neri, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Avenida Saldanha Marinho s/n, Salvador Bahia, CEP:40320-010, Brazil.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Neuromuscular electrostimulation has become a promising issue in cardiovascular rehabilitation. However there are few articles published in the literature regarding neuromuscular electrostimulation in patients with heart failure during hospital stay.

METHODS:

This is a randomized controlled pilot trial that aimed to investigate the effect of neuromuscular electrostimulation in the walked distance by the six-minute walking test in 30 patients admitted to ward for heart failure treatment in a tertiary cardiology hospital. Patients in the intervention group performed a conventional rehabilitation and neuromuscular electrostimulation. Patients underwent 60 minutes of electrostimulation (wave frequency was 20 Hz, pulse duration of 20 us) two times a day for consecutive days until hospital discharge.

RESULTS:

The walked distance in the six-minute walking test improved 75% in the electrostimulation group (from 379.7 ± 43.5 to 372.9 ± 46.9 meters to controls and from 372.9 ± 62.4 to 500 ± 68 meters to electrostimulation, p<0.001). On the other hand, the walked distance in the control group did not change.

CONCLUSION:

The neuromuscular electrostimulation group showed greater improvement in the walked distance in the six-minute walking test in patients admitted to ward for compensation of heart failure.

PMID:
23153062
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3544690
Free PMC Article
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