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Mol Cell Biol. 2013 Jan;33(2):340-59. doi: 10.1128/MCB.01350-12. Epub 2012 Nov 12.

Oxidized DJ-1 inhibits p53 by sequestering p53 from promoters in a DNA-binding affinity-dependent manner.

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  • 1Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Japan.

Abstract

DJ-1 is an oncogene and the causative gene for familial Parkinson's disease. Although the oxidative status of DJ-1 at cysteine 106 (C106) is thought to affect all of the activities of DJ-1 and excess oxidation leads to the onset of various diseases, the precise molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of oxidation of DJ-1 on protein-protein interactions of DJ-1 remain unclear. In this study, we found that DJ-1 bound to the DNA-binding region of p53 in a manner dependent on the oxidation of C106. Of the p53 target genes, the expression level and promoter activity of the DUSP1 gene, but not those of the p21 gene, were increased in H(2)O(2)-treated DJ-1(-/-) cells and were decreased in wild-type DJ-1- but not C106S DJ-1-transfected H1299 cells through sequestration of p53 from the DUSP1 promoter by DJ-1. DUSP1 downregulated by oxidized DJ-1 activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and decreased apoptosis. The DUSP1 and p21 promoters harbor nonconsensus and consensus p53 recognition sequences, respectively, which have low affinity and high affinity for p53. However, DJ-1 inhibited p21 promoter activity exhibited by p53 mutants harboring low DNA-binding affinity but not by wild-type p53. These results indicate that DJ-1 inhibits the expression of p53 target genes and depend on p53 DNA-binding affinity and oxidation of DJ-1 C106.

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