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AIDS Behav. 2013 Jan;17(1):86-93. doi: 10.1007/s10461-012-0364-1.

Barriers to medication adherence in behaviorally and perinatally infected youth living with HIV.

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  • 1Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA. kkolmodin@med.wayne.edu

Abstract

The study explored barriers to antiretroviral medication adherence in perinatally and behaviorally HIV infected adolescents and young adults in a cross-sectional, multisite sample. The study included a subset of a convenience sample from a cross-sectional analysis. Participants were youth with HIV ages 12-24 who were prescribed HIV medication and reported missing medication in the past 7 days (n = 484, 28.4 % of protocol sample). The top barriers were similar for perinatally and behaviorally infected youth, but perinatally infected youth reported significantly more barriers. Forgetting, not feeling like taking medication and not wanting to be reminded of HIV infection were the most common barriers reported. Number of barriers was significantly correlated with percent of doses missed, viral load, and psychological distress for perinatally infected youth and with doses missed, psychological distress, and substance use for behaviorally infected youth. Interventions to improve adherence to HIV medications should not only address forgetfulness and choosing not to take medications, but also consider route of infection.

PMID:
23142855
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3549030
Free PMC Article
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