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PLoS One. 2012;7(11):e48765. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0048765. Epub 2012 Nov 6.

Polycomb group proteins bind an engrailed PRE in both the "ON" and "OFF" transcriptional states of engrailed.

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  • 1Program in Genomics of Differentiation, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Abstract

Polycomb group (PcG) and trithorax Group (trxG) proteins maintain the "OFF" and "ON" transcriptional states of HOX genes and other targets by modulation of chromatin structure. In Drosophila, PcG proteins are bound to DNA fragments called Polycomb group response elements (PREs). The prevalent model holds that PcG proteins bind PREs only in cells where the target gene is "OFF". Another model posits that transcription through PREs disrupts associated PcG complexes, contributing to the establishment of the "ON" transcriptional state. We tested these two models at the PcG target gene engrailed. engrailed exists in a gene complex with invected, which together have 4 well-characterized PREs. Our data show that these PREs are not transcribed in embryos or larvae. We also examined whether PcG proteins are bound to an engrailed PRE in cells where engrailed is transcribed. By FLAG-tagging PcG proteins and expressing them specifically where engrailed is "ON" or "OFF", we determined that components of three major PcG protein complexes are present at an engrailed PRE in both the "ON" and "OFF" transcriptional states in larval tissues. These results show that PcG binding per se does not determine the transcriptional state of engrailed.

PMID:
23139817
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3490902
Free PMC Article
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