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J Pharm Sci. 2013 Jan;102(1):6-28. doi: 10.1002/jps.23356. Epub 2012 Nov 6.

Application of near-infrared dyes for tumor imaging, photothermal, and photodynamic therapies.

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  • 1State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, P.R. China.


Near-infrared (NIR) dyes, small organic molecules that function in the NIR region, have received increasing attention in recent years as diagnostic and therapeutic agents in the field of tumor research. They have been demonstrated great successes in imaging and treating tumors both in vitro and in vivo. And their different applications in clinical practices have made rapid gains. This review primarily focuses on the progress of the application of NIR dyes in tumor imaging and therapy. In particular, advances in the use of different NIR dyes in tumor-specific imaging, photothermal, and photodynamic therapies are discussed. Limitations and prospects associated with NIR dyes in diagnostic and therapeutic application are also reviewed.

Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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