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Ann Oncol. 2013 Mar;24(3):824-31. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mds507. Epub 2012 Nov 6.

Osteosarcomas of the mandible: multidisciplinary management of a rare tumor of the young adult a cooperative study of the GSF-GETO, Rare Cancer Network, GETTEC/REFCOR and SFCE.

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  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Center Antoine-Lacassagne, Institut Universitaire de la Face et du Cou, University Nice Sophia-Antipolis, 06189- Nice Cedex 2, France. jthariat@hotmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Mandibular osteosarcomas (MOS) mostly affect young adults. Their treatment is extrapolated from that of extragnathic osteosarcomas.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A retrospective multicooperative group study was conducted to determine the impact of chemotherapy, adjuvant radiation therapy and surgery on outcomes and to identify prognostic factors. This ethical committee-approved study included a centralized review of histology slides and operative reports.

RESULTS:

Of 111 patients, 58.6% were male, median age 35 years (13%, ≤18 years). Histology was osteoblastic, chondroblastic, fibroblastic, conventional not otherwise specified and others in 39.6%, 30.6%, 8.1%, 12.6% and 8.0%, respectively. Pathological World Health Organisation grades were low, intermediate and high grade in 6.4%, 11.8% and 81.8%, respectively. Surgery was carried out for 94.5% of patients. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (mixed protocols) was carried out in 93.1% of patients. Postoperative chemotherapy and radiotherapy were carried out in 54.7% and 23.8%, respectively. Median follow-up was 59.6 months (range). Five-year local control, metastasis-free, disease-free and overall survival rates were 64.6%, 68.9%, 53.2% and 69.2%, respectively. Survival was significantly associated with age, tumor size and surgery. Wide surgery with clear margins and free flap reconstruction was the strongest prognostic factor. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy improved disease-free and metastatic-free survival and increased clear margins rates from 50% to 68%. Intermediate grades behaved like high grades in terms of metastatic-free and disease-free survival.

CONCLUSION:

This homogeneous series is the largest to date and emphasizes the major impact of clear margins and multidisciplinary management. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy improves disease-free survival and should be recommended for both high and intermediate grade MOS.

PMID:
23131392
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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