Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Med Assoc Thai. 2012 Jun;95 Suppl 6:S161-8.

Microbial counts and particulate matter levels in indoor air samples collected from a child home-care center in Bangkok, Thailand.

Author information

  • 1Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.



To assess the microbial count (bacteria and fungi) and particulate matter with sizes less than 10 microm (PM10) level in indoor air of a child home-care center in Bangkok.


A total of 287 air samples were collected from the indoor air of twenty households which were part of a child home-care center to assess bacterial and fungal counts (212 samples) and PM10 levels (66 samples). Additionally, fifty-two and twenty-six outdoor air samples were collected to compare microbial count and PMo10 levels.


It was found that means + standard deviation (SD) for bacterial and fungal counts in the child home-care center were 527.8 +/- 230.9 cfu/m3 and 514.6 +/- 256.7 cfu/m3, respectively (those in outdoor air samples were 264.6 +/- 179.7 cfu/m3 and 308.7 +/- 217.3 cfu/m3, respectively). The mean +/- SD of PM10, level was 125.1 + 48.0 pg/m3 (that in outdoor air samples was 120.1 +/- 66.9 microg/m3). When compared with the levelfor the indoor air quality guideline, 47.2% and 47.6% of total air samples had bacterial and fungal counts higher than the recommended levels and 47.0% of total air samples had PM10 levels higher than the recommended level.


The present study found that about 47% of total air samples collected from the child home-care center had bacterial and fungal counts and PM10 levels higher than the recommended levels. These results may affect the health of a child who spends most of his/her time in this center Some intervention or preventive endeavors should be undertaken, including periodic cleaning and maintenance of the ventilation systems and adoption of a regular schedule for room cleaning should be implemented.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk