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Int J Surg Pathol. 2013 Jun;21(3):297-302. doi: 10.1177/1066896912464050. Epub 2012 Nov 4.

Microscopic Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma with extensive lymphangiomatosis: an extraordinary example of an unusual entity.

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  • 1Department of Anatomical Pathology, PathWest, QE II Medical Centre, Hospital Ave, Nedlands, Perth, Western Australia 6009, Australia. irene.low@health.wa.gov.au

Abstract

Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE) is presently classified as a vascular neoplasm of intermediate malignant potential. The clinical course of large, deep-seated tumors is frequently complicated by consumptive coagulopathy and life-threatening hemorrhage, while superficial tumors tend to behave in an indolent manner, with no known reports of distant metastasis. We describe an unusual example of KHE occurring as an incidental microscopic finding, within a background of extensive lymphangioma-like changes. The patient underwent 4 intralesional excisions over a period of 6 years, and the Kaposiform component accounts for less than 5% of the overall tissue excised. The patient remains clinically well with residual disease 5 years after conservative surgery, and there has been no evidence of regional or distant metastasis. Based on existing literature, it appears doubtful that KHE has any metastatic potential at all, which calls into question the appropriateness of its place in the spectrum of malignant vascular neoplasms.

KEYWORDS:

Kaposiform; Kasabach–Merritt; hemangioendothelioma; lymphangiomatosis

PMID:
23129838
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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