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Am J Kidney Dis. 2013 Jan;61(1):147-60. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2012.07.025. Epub 2012 Nov 2.

Renal artery stenosis: prevalence of, risk factors for, and management of in-stent stenosis.

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  • 1Indiana University, Bloomington Hospital, Bloomington, IN, USA.

Abstract

Atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis is common and is associated with hypertension and chronic kidney disease. More frequent use of percutaneous renal artery stent placement for the treatment of renal artery stenosis during the past 2 decades has increased the number of patients with implanted stents. In-stent stenosis is a serious problem, occurring more frequently than earlier reports suggest and potentially resulting in late complications. Currently, there are no guidelines covering the approach to restenosis after renal artery stent placement. This article reviews data on the prevalence of and risk factors for the development of in-stent stenosis and the clinical manifestations, evaluation, and treatment of in-stent stenosis and suggests a strategy for the management of patients after percutaneous renal artery stent placement.

Copyright © 2012 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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