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J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2012 Nov;94(11 Suppl A):61-4. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.94B11.30791.

Massive bone loss: allograft-prosthetic composites and beyond.

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  • 1Rush University Medical Center, 1620 West Harrison Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA. robmayle@gmail.com

Abstract

Revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) is projected to increase by 137% from the years 2005 to 2030. Reconstruction of the femur with massive bone loss can be a formidable undertaking. The goals of revision surgery are to create a stable construct, preserve bone and soft tissues, augment deficient host bone, improve function, provide a foundation for future surgery, and create a biomechanically restored hip. Options for treatment of the compromised femur include: resection arthroplasty, allograft prosthetic composite (APC), proximal femoral replacement, cementless fixation with a modular tapered fluted stem, and impaction grafting. The purpose of this article is to review the treatment options along with their associated outcomes in the more severe femoral defects (Paprosky types IIIb and IV) in revision THA.

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