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Sensors (Basel). 2012;12(9):12506-18. doi: 10.3390/s120912506. Epub 2012 Sep 13.

A SPR aptasensor for detection of avian influenza virus H5N1.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA. bhua@uark.edu

Abstract

Rapid and specific detection of avian influenza virus (AIV) is urgently needed due to the concerns over the potential outbreaks of highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza in animals and humans. Aptamers are artificial oligonucleic acids that can bind specific target molecules, and show comparable affinity for target viruses and better thermal stability than monoclonal antibodies. The objective of this research was to use a DNA-aptamer as the specific recognition element in a portable Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) biosensor for rapid detection of AIV H5N1 in poultry swab samples. A SPR biosensor was fabricated using selected aptamers that were biotinylated and then immobilized on the sensor gold surface coated with streptavidin via streptavidin-biotin binding. The immobilized aptamers captured AIV H5N1 in a sample solution, which caused an increase in the refraction index (RI). After optimizing the streptavidin and aptamer parameters, the results showed that the RI value was linearly related (R(2) = 0.99) to the concentration of AIV in the range of 0.128 to 1.28 HAU. Negligible signal (<4% of H5N1) was observed from six non-target AIV subtypes. The AIV H5N1 in poultry swab samples with concentrations of 0.128 to 12.8 HAU could be detected using this aptasensor in 1.5 h.

KEYWORDS:

aptamer; avian influenza virus; biosensor; surface plasmon resonance

PMID:
23112728
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3478855
Free PMC Article

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