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J Biol Inorg Chem. 2013 Jan;18(1):71-80. doi: 10.1007/s00775-012-0950-8. Epub 2012 Oct 31.

Binding properties of Ru(II) polypyridyl complexes with poly(U)·poly(A)*poly(U) triplex: the ancillary ligand effect on third-strand stabilization.

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  • 1College of Chemistry, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan 411105, People's Republic of China.


The binding properties of [RuL(2)(mip)](2+) {where L is 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) or 4,7-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthrollne (4,7-dmp) and mip is 2'-(3",4"-methylenedioxyphenyl)imidazo[4',5'-f][1,10]phenanthroline} with regard to the triplex RNA poly(U)·poly(A)*poly(U) were investigated using various biophysical techniques and quantum chemistry calculations. In comparison with [Ru(4,7-dmp)(2)(mip)](2+), remarkably higher binding affinity of [Ru(phen)(2)(mip)](2+) for the triplex RNA poly(U)·poly(A)*poly(U) was achieved by changing the ancillary ligands. The stabilization of the Hoogsteen-base-paired third strand was improved by about 10.9 °C by [Ru(phen)(2)(mip)](2+) against 6.6 °C by [Ru(4,7-dmp)(2)(mip)](2+). To the best of our knowledge, [Ru(phen)(2)(mip)](2+) is the first metal complex able to raise the third-strand stabilization of poly(U)·poly(A)*poly(U) from 37.5 to 48.4 °C. The results reveal that the ancillary ligands have an important effect on third-strand stabilization of the triplex RNA poly(U)·poly(A)*poly(U) when metal complexes contain the same intercalative ligands.

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