Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Psychotraumatol. 2012;3. doi: 10.3402/ejpt.v3i0.7165. Epub 2012 Oct 25.

The effect of prolonged exposure to war-related stress among hospital personnel with different affect types: lessons from the Second Lebanon War and the Gaza "Cast Lead" operation.

Author information

  • 1Department of Gerontology, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.

Abstract

Two studies examined peritraumatic symptoms due to war-related stress among hospital personnel with different affect types. In Study 1, we examined 80 Israeli hospital personnel during the period they were exposed to frequent missile attacks in the Second Lebanon War. In Study 2, we examined 67 and 74 Israeli hospital personnel during the time they were exposed and were not exposed, respectively, to missile attacks in the Gaza "Cast Lead" operation. In both studies, hospital personnel completed measures of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms as well as of positive- and negative-affect items (PA and NA, respectively). Exposed personnel with a positive congruent (high PA and low NA) or a deflated incongruent (low PA and low NA) affective types had a lower level of peritraumatic symptoms compared to those with a negative congruent (low PA and high NA) or an inflated incongruent (high PA and NA) affective types. Study 2 further showed that among non-exposed personnel, only personnel with a negative congruent affective type had a higher level of peritraumatic symptoms compared to personnel with other affective types. Clinical implications and required future studies are discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Cast Lead; PTSD; Second Lebanon War; hospital personnel; negative affect; positive affect

PMID:
23110247
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3482338
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Datapage Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk