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Hypertension. 2012 Dec;60(6):1430-6. doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.112.199265. Epub 2012 Oct 29.

Interferon-γ signaling inhibition ameliorates angiotensin II-induced cardiac damage.

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  • 1Experimental and Clinical Research Center, a joint cooperation between the Charité Medical Faculty and the Max-Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine, Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

Angiotensin (Ang) II induces vascular injury in part by activating innate and adaptive immunity; however, the mechanisms are unclear. We investigated the role of interferon (IFN)-γ and interleukin (IL)-23 signaling. We infused Ang II into IFN-γ receptor (IFN-γR) knockout mice and wild-type controls, as well as into mice treated with neutralizing antibodies against IL-23 receptor and IL-17A. Ang II-treated IFN-γR knockout mice exhibited reduced cardiac hypertrophy, reduced cardiac macrophage and T-cell infiltration, less fibrosis, and less arrhythmogenic electric remodeling independent of blood pressure changes. In contrast, IL-23 receptor antibody treatment did not reduce cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, or electric remodeling despite mildly reduced inflammation. IL-17A antibody treatment behaved similarly. In the kidney, IFN-γR deficiency reduced inflammation and tubulointerstitial damage and improved glomerular filtration rate. Nonetheless, albuminuria was increased compared with Ang II-treated wild-type controls. The glomeruli of Ang II-treated IFN-γR knockout mice exhibited fewer podocytes, less nephrin and synaptopodin staining, and impaired podocyte autophagy. Thus, IFN-γ blockade, but not IL-23 receptor antibody treatment, protects from Ang II-induced cardiac damage and electric remodeling. In the kidney, IFN-γ signaling acts in a cell type-specific manner. Glomerular filtration rate is preserved in the absence of the IFN-γR, whereas podocytes may require the IFN-γR in the presence of Ang II for normal integrity and function.

PMID:
23108651
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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