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Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2013 Feb 1;102:620-6. doi: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2012.09.006. Epub 2012 Sep 11.

In vitro and in vivo evaluation of riccardin D nanosuspensions with different particle size.

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  • 1Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shandong University, 44 Wenhua Xilu, Jinan 250012, PR China.


Riccardin D (RD) is a novel compound extracted from Chinese liverwort Marchantia polymorpha L. It exhibits various anticancer activities and can be used during lung cancer treatment. However, the compound's low solubility hinders its development. Recently nanosuspension has been developed as one of the most promising formulations for poorly water-soluble drugs. In order to understand the dissolution behavior of riccardin D in vitro and in vivo, two nanosuspensions of riccardin D with markedly different sizes were prepared. The particle size of nanosuspension A prepared by bottom-up method was 184.1±3.15 nm, while that of nanosuspension B prepared by top-down method was 815.4±9.65 nm. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of particle size on pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution after intravenous administration. Riccardin D dissolving in organic solution was studied as control group. In pharmacokinetics study in Wistar rats, nanosuspension A showed properties similar to the control group, while nanosuspension B exhibited rather different properties. In tissue distribution research on Kunming strain mice, nanosuspension A had a multi-peak phenomenon because of reticulate endothelial system (RES) while nanosuspension B showed a high uptake in RES organs that passively target to the lungs. In conclusion, particle size of riccardin D nanosuspensions had obvious effects on pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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