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Indian J Clin Biochem. 2009 Jul;24(3):250-6. doi: 10.1007/s12291-009-0047-5. Epub 2009 Sep 16.

Ethanolic leaves extract of Trianthema portulacastrum L. ameliorates aflatoxin B(1) induced hepatic damage in rats.

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  • 1Centre for Biotechnology, Muthayammal College of Arts and Sciences, Kakkaveri, Rasipuram, Namakkal, Tamilnadu, 637408 India.


Aflatoxins are potent hepatotoxic and hepatocarcinogenic agents. Reactive oxygen species and consequent peroxidative damage caused by aflatoxin are considered to be the main mechanisms leading to hepatotoxicity. The present investigation aims at assessing the hepatoprotective effect of ethanolic leaves extract of Trianthema portulacastrum on aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1))-induced hepatotoxicity in a rat model. The hepatoprotection of T. portulacastrum is compared with silymarin, a well known standard hepatoprotectant. Lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, alanine and aspartate aminotransferases were found to be significantly increased in the serum and decreased in the liver of AFB(1) administered (1 mg/kg bw, orally) rats, suggesting hepatic damage. Marked increase in the lipid peroxide levels and a concomitant decrease in the enzymic (superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and glutathione-S-transferase) and nonenzymic (reduced glutathione, vitamin C and vitamin E) antioxidants in the hepatic tissue were observed in AFB1 administered rats. Pretreatment with T. portulacastrum (100 mg/kg/p.o) and silymarin (100 mg/kg /p.o) for 7 days reverted the condition to near normal. The results of this study indicate that the ethanolic leaves extract of T. portulacastrum is a potent hepatoprotectant as silymarin.


Aflatoxin B1; Hepatocarcinogenic; Hepatotoxic; Trianthema portulacastrum

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