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J Biol Chem. 2013 Jan 11;288(2):1250-65. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M112.369132. Epub 2012 Oct 26.

Liver retinol transporter and receptor for serum retinol-binding protein (RBP4).

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  • 1Molecular Medicine Program and Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA.

Abstract

Vitamin A (retinol) is absorbed in the small intestine, stored in liver, and secreted into circulation bound to serum retinol-binding protein (RBP4). Circulating retinol may be taken up by extrahepatic tissues or recycled back to liver multiple times before it is finally metabolized or degraded. Liver exhibits high affinity binding sites for RBP4, but specific receptors have not been identified. The only known high affinity receptor for RBP4, Stra6, is not expressed in the liver. Here we report discovery of RBP4 receptor-2 (RBPR2), a novel retinol transporter expressed primarily in liver and intestine and induced in adipose tissue of obese mice. RBPR2 is structurally related to Stra6 and highly conserved in vertebrates, including humans. Expression of RBPR2 in cultured cells confers high affinity RBP4 binding and retinol transport, and RBPR2 knockdown reduces RBP4 binding/retinol transport. RBPR2 expression is suppressed by retinol and retinoic acid and correlates inversely with liver retinol stores in vivo. We conclude that RBPR2 is a novel retinol transporter that potentially regulates retinol homeostasis in liver and other tissues. In addition, expression of RBPR2 in liver and fat suggests a possible role in mediating established metabolic actions of RBP4 in those tissues.

PMID:
23105095
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3543007
Free PMC Article
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