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Int Immunopharmacol. 2012 Dec;14(4):734-9. doi: 10.1016/j.intimp.2012.10.009. Epub 2012 Oct 24.

Anti-inflammatory effects of dehydrogeijerin in LPS-stimulated murine macrophages.

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  • 1Department of Biology Education, College of Education, Chungbuk National University, Chungcheongbuk-Do 361-763, Republic of Korea.


In this study, we investigated whether Heracleum (H) moellendorffii Hance-derived dehydrogeijerin and geijerin could be used to suppress lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses in murine macrophage cell lines, Raw 264.7 cells. Dehydrogeijerin reduced nitric oxide (NO) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) production from LPS-stimulated Raw 264.7 cells, but on the other hand, geijerin did not reduce NO production. Dehydrogeijerin, unlike geijerin, has a double bond at C2'-C3' with an oxo function at C1'. Pre-treatment of Raw 264.7 cells with dehydrogeijerin reduced the production of cyclooxigenase-2 (COX-2) and pro-inflammatory cytokines. These inhibitory effects were associated with decreases in the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases. Our results indicate that dehydrogeijerin significantly inhibits the inflammatory activity of activated macrophages, suggesting that dehydrogeijerin could be a potential candidate for the treatment of inflammatory disease.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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