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Eur J Pediatr. 2013 Jun;172(6):851-3. doi: 10.1007/s00431-012-1868-4. Epub 2012 Oct 24.

Infantile loss of teeth: odontohypophosphatasia or childhood hypophosphatasia.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, School of Medicine, Marmara University, Fevzi Cakmak Mah. Mimar Sinan Cad. No:41Pendik, Istanbul, Turkey.

Abstract

Hypophosphatasia is a hereditary disorder characterized by a deficiency of serum and bone alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and defective skeletal mineralization. It is caused by a loss of function mutations in the tissue nonspecific ALP gene (TNSALP) encoding the tissue nonspecific alkaline phosphatase. A 4-year-and-8-month-old girl presented with premature exfoliation of the anterior incisors and canines. Very low ALP level (27 IU/ml) suggested the diagnosis of hypophosphatasia, which was supported by an elevated urine phosphoethanolamine/Cr of 84 μmol/mmol (reference range, <25 μmol/mmol) and serum pyridoxal-5'-phosphate of 393 μg/L (reference range, 3.6-18 μg/L). The phenotype of the patient was subsequently classified as mild childhood hypophosphatasia. TNSALP gene sequencing revealed the homozygous c.382 G > A (p.V128M) mutation. This mutation was previously observed in a series of patients with severe hypophosphatasia, pointing out the possible role of other genetic or environmental factors in the modulation of the hypophosphatasia phenotype.

PMID:
23093139
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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