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Leuk Res. 2013 Feb;37(2):122-8. doi: 10.1016/j.leukres.2012.09.019. Epub 2012 Oct 23.

CD11b expression correlates with monosomal karyotype and predicts an extremely poor prognosis in cytogenetically unfavorable acute myeloid leukemia.

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  • 1Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Abstract

Several cytogenetic features, including monosomal karyotype (MK), have been associated with unfavorable prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, little is known about the prognostic significance of immunophenotypes in AML patients with unfavorable-risk cytogenetics. We evaluated immunophenotypes, cytogenetics, clinical features and survival outcomes in 233 uniformly treated AML patients who harbored unfavorable cytogenetics. CD11b expression was observed in 145 (70%) of 208 patients and emerged as an independent prognostic factor for inferior overall survival in multivariate analysis (p=0.024). MK and age ≥ 60 years were predictors for lower complete remission rate (p=0.017, p<0.0001, respectively) and shorter overall survival (p=0.024, p<0.0001), while complex karyotype (CK) predicted a shorter overall survival (p=0.013). CD11b expression was strongly correlated with MK and identified a subset of patients with MK who had extremely poor overall survival. We proposed a prognostic scoring model using CD11b positivity, age ≥ 60 years, the presence of MK and the presence of CK to classify the patients into distinct risk groups. We identified the poor prognosis of CD11b expression and validated the adverse influence of MK, CK and age ≥ 60 years in cytogenetically unfavorable AML patients. Our proposed scoring model may be adapted in clinical practice to further the stratification of this high-risk population.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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PMID:
23092917
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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