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Nanotechnology. 2012 Nov 16;23(45):455204. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/23/45/455204. Epub 2012 Oct 22.

Enhanced field emission from hydrogenated TiO2 nanotube arrays.

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  • 1Key Laboratory of Atomic and Molecular Physics and Functional Materials of Gansu Province, College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, People's Republic of China.


The field emission (FE) properties of TiO(2) nanotube arrays (TNAs) synthesized by anodization are dramatically improved after hydrogenation at various temperatures in a range of 400-550 °C. Compared with pristine TNAs, the turn-on fields of hydrogenated TNAs (H:TNAs) are significantly decreased from 18.23 to 1.75 V μm(-1), and closely related to hydrogenation temperature. Importantly, the optimized sample of H:TNAs prepared at 550 °C shows excellent FE performances involving both a low turn-on field of 1.75 V μm(-1), a high current density of 4.0 mA cm(-2) at 4.50V μm(-1), and a remarkable FE stability over 480 min. The substantially enhanced FE properties can be attributed to the combination of a typical tubular morphology, a reduced work function and the improved conductivity of H:TNAs.

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