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Clin Hemorheol Microcirc. 2015 Jan 1;59(1):1-15. doi: 10.3233/CH-2012-1625.

Rheologic results and their correlation to hemostatic changes in patients with moderate and severe preeclampsia: An observational cross-sectional study.

Author information

  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, City Hospital of Aschaffenburg, Teaching Hospital of the Julius, Maximilians University Würzburg, Aschaffenburg, Germany Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt.
  • 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, City Hospital of Aschaffenburg, Teaching Hospital of the Julius, Maximilians University Würzburg, Aschaffenburg, Germany Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary.
  • 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, GPR Hospital Rüsselsheim, Rüsselsheim, Germany.
  • 4Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, City Hospital of Aschaffenburg, Teaching Hospital of the Julius, Maximilians University Würzburg, Aschaffenburg, Germany.

Abstract

Previous study have shown an association between failure of physiological hemodilution during 2nd trimester and an increased risk for the development of subsequent pregnancy complications such as early birth, birth of a growth retarded newborn (IUGR), low fetal birth weight and preeclampsia. The latter complication in particular goes along with dramatic changes in the placental perfusion as well as systemic maternal blood flow. Severity of preeclampsia may be preceded by distinct impaired hemodilution and reflected by the results of rheological parameters. A subgroup analysis was performed in a community based retrospective study of 4,985 consecutively recorded singleton pregnant women of whom 423 had preeclampsia. Mean 2nd trimester hemoglobin levels and blood rheological results at the time of delivery were assessed and compared in women with moderate and severe preeclampsia. Mean 2nd trimester hemoglobin levels were calculated from the maternal records. Rheological variables included plasma viscosity (KSPV 1 Fresenius) and Red blood cell aggregation in stasis and under low shear conditions (MA1-Aggregometer; Myrenne). According to the definition of the German Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGGG) 314 women had moderate preeclampsia (74.2%), while 109 had severe preeclampsia due to the presence of a blood pressure >170/110 mmHg (n = 41; 9.7%), and/or IUGR <5th percentile (n = 28; 6.6%), and/or HELLP-Syndrome (n = 10; 2.4%), and/or proteinuria ≥5 g/24 h (n = 30; 7.1%). Age, BMI, smoking, and maternal weight were comparable in the groups, while gestational age at delivery as well as fetal outcome parameter were statistically significant unfavourable in patients with severe preeclampsia. Mean 2nd trimester hemoglobin level were statistically significantly higher in women who developed severe vs. moderate preeclampsia (m = 12.75 ± 0.99 g/dL vs. m = 12.50 ± 1.05 g/dL; p = 0.033). However, in the ROC calculations a hemoglobin value of 12.05 g/dL revealed best sensitivity (78%) and specificity (33.8%) in women with subsequent diagnosis of severe preeclampsia, whereas sensitivity was 100% for a value >10.95 g/dL. There were no statistically significant differences for none of the rheological parameters at the time of delivery between groups of patient with moderate v.s severe preeclampsia. Severe preeclampsia and IUGR, however, was associated with statistically significantly higher RBC aggregation as compared to patients with moderate preeclampsia. Plasma viscosity was statistically significantly (p < 0.05) correlated with Fibrinogen values (r = 0.16), leukocyte-(r = 0.11) and platelets-count (r = 0.127), and hemoglobin/hematocrit values in particular (r = 0.23/0.26). Although mean 2nd trimester hemoglobin concentration are higher in patients with subsequent development of severe preeclampsia, due to the low sensitivity and specificity of this parameter clinical use for identifying women at risk is of limited value. On the other hand, a hemoglobin value below 11.0 g/dL excluded the risk for severe preeclampsia to 100%. Blood rheological parameters at the time of delivery in the absence of IUGR are not markedly influenced by severity of preeclampsia.

KEYWORDS:

Blood fluidity; haemostasis; preeclampsia; pregnancy

PMID:
23089882
[PubMed - in process]
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